Ottoman Uniforms
Ottoman Uniforms

1840 TILL 1856 OTTOMAN COURT SECURITY OFFICERS

Ferahi Medalysi (18th Century Ottoman Court Security Officers)

Right - 18th Century large brass gorgets, called a “Ferahi”,  worn by the Sultan’s security personnel for his court [1].

-----------------------------------------------------------------

[1] From Metin Erüretin. (2001) Osmanli Madalyalari ve Nisanlari [Ottoman medals and orders: documented history]. DMC: 155.

1840 till 1850 Ottoman Army Bekci: Security Guards 

Far Right - These figures show small plates mounted under the collar, one either side of the jacket buttons.

  • It is argued these plates are not collar pates (discussed above), but are a type of law soldiers/security official's “Ferahi Madalysi” .

Right - General Vanson recorded seeing in the Crimean War [1]:

  • Just below the collar are two brass plates attached to the jacket front;
  • These items appear from time to time in a variety of sources, but their significance is unclear (they seem to occur most commonly on artillery uniforms).

These were worn by a “Mounted Artilleryman (General Vanson); a composite from another sketch titled 'Campaign Artillery', and a detailed description of a horse artilleryman on guard duty'. Identified as wearing [2]:

  • A dark blue jacket with red collar and cuffs (though the sketch appears to show dark blue cuffs edged with red tape).
  • The 'rosettes' on the breast are described as being formed of red cord with red pendant tassels (these are discussed above as a type of rank insignia from the early 1840s).
  • Shoulder straps are described as dark blue piped red with a button (the sketch figure has un-piped straps apparently sewn down at the collar end).
  • Dark blue trousers with a broad red stripe, white belts.

Right - "Turkish Soldiers in Summer Uniform" (1853) painted by Count Amadeo Preziosi, in Constantinople. There are some important features to note about these uniforms:

(1) The infantry soldier has a pair of metal square plates fitted under his collar.

(2) Note as well: the cuff is closed with three large tunic buttons.

Right - Illustrated as a 'Turkish Foot Soldier (1854)', from sketches of character and costume in Constantinople, Ionian Islands &c. from the original drawings made on the spot by Capt'n. Forbes Mac Bean, 92nd Highlanders, lithographed by J. Sutcliffe.

  • Note, in particular the brass plate with black script below the collar attached to the upper chest.

Below - An example is pictured in Metin Erüretin. (2001) Osmanli Madalyalari ve Nisanlari [Ottoman medals and orders: documented history]. DMC: 155.

  • It is identified as possibly associated with soldiers who restored law and order during a rebellion in the 1730-54 period.

Above - This plate likely evolved into the versions illustrated from the 1850s (discussed above), the pair of plates were now manufactured with a visible 'globe' deeply embossed into each plate, one bearing the Sultan's Tugra, the other Ottoman script (in keeping with the original 1830s version).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[1] [2] C.A. Norman. Turkish Uniforms of the Crimean Era (Soldiers of the Queen: Issue 85).

1845 Ottoman Court Security Officer

Right - An 1845 painting by Women of the Sultan's harem on their promenade [1],

  • Chaperoned by Kislar Aga, head of the eunuchs of the Imperial Palace.
  • These eunuch court attendants provided security for the Sultan's harem.

--------------------------------------

[1] Painted by Jean Brindesi, from the book 'Souvenirs de Constantinople (Paris, Lemercier, 1845).

1854 Interior Guard (Beylerbey Palace): Sultan's Halberdier Bodyguard

Right - An illustration of the 1854 Interior Guard (Beylerbey Palace): Sultan's Halberdier Bodyguard uniform [1].

  • The function of this guard unit, was that "form a route called the 'holy corridor' for the Sultan to visit the Mosque" [2].

-------------------------------------------------

[1] Jack Cassin-Scott, John Fabb, 1973 Ceremonial Uniforms of the Eorld, Hippocrene Books: Plate 73.

[2] Jack Cassin-Scott, John Fabb, 1973 Ceremonial Uniforms of the Eorld, Hippocrene Books: Plate 44 description.

Print Print | Sitemap
© Ottoman Uniforms