Ottoman Uniforms
Ottoman Uniforms

1841 TILL 1914 EGYPTIAN NAVY

1841 Egyptian Navy Rank Flags

Crimean War Egyptian Navy

Sultan Abdul Mejid, called on Egypt in 1853 to defend against Russia. By treaty stipulations, Egypt was required to provide a naval contingent. Ibrahim Pasha Alfi, Governor of Alexandria organised the transport fleet, and the main Egyptian fleet, consisted of the following ships (which joint the Ottoman imperial fleet in early August 1853:

  • Three Ships-of-the-Line.
  • Three Frigates
  • Four Corvettes

The fleet went on patrol in the Black Sea. On the 18 November 1853, the ‘Pervaz-i Bahri’ (a 10–gun paddle wheel steamer), was forced to strike her colours after a running battle with the Russian paddle wheel Frigate ‘Vladimir’ (Above - Painting by Alexey Bogoliubov). Some 12 days later the Ottoman imperial fleet was destroyed at Sinope, and along with the Egyptian Frigate ‘Damietta’. This had been a Fourth Rate ship of 56 guns, acquired in 1830, built at Alexandria, with tonnage of 1,400, and crew 400-500.

The Post Crimean War Egyptian Navy

Right - A 1890s picture of Ahmad Pasha (Govenor of Port Said, Egypt), in a Khedive Navy Uniform. The Egypt Navy flagship, he 'Ibrahim' was a steam frigate built for the Egyptian Navy, and launched on 30 November, 1868 at La Seyne, France. The ship was also fully rigged and had an iron hull. At the time Egypt had also ordered several other armored ironclads, the 'Nijmi Shevket class (a Turkish Naval Class)' and the 'Lutfi Djelil class (Turkish Naval Class)' each of two ships. However, they were given to the Ottoman Navy in 1869. From the end of the Crimean War, Egypt as a nominal province of the Ottoman Empire, was largely denied a fleetbut was allowed to keep the 'Ibrahim', a smaller frigate, the 'Mehemet Ali' and one corvette, the 'Sakka'. These ships constituted the Egyptian steam navy, until 1890, when the 'Ibrahim' was scrapped and the other two ships had their machinery removed to become stationary guard ships at Alexandria and Port Said. Egypt also had a large iron yacht, the 'Mahroussa' which survives in rebuilt form to the present day.

Right - A button for the Egypt Navy Ports Official -Inspector of Lights, around 1900. This button is used on a tunic/complete uniform  in the Royal Museums Greenwich (London, UK), which has been mistakenly identified as "Turkish".

Right - An illustration based on the formal dress uniform of Galal Allouba Bey, an Egyptian Fleet Rear Admiral, and Commander of HMY Mahroussa, from the 1950s nevertheless appears as an exact version of the post 1908 Ottoman Navy gala frockcoat, and was likely unchanged from its first adoption in 1905, with the refit of the Khedive’s royal yacht.

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