Ottoman Uniforms
Ottoman Uniforms

WW1 OTTOMAN ARMY REGIMENT STANDARDS

Infantry and Cavalry Regiment Standards

Below - The post-1909 Sultan's flag, given to each Imperial Army regiment. Carried by the:

  • Sanjakdar (Regiment Standard Bearer).
  • Bairakdar (Colour Bearer).
  • CoLour Sargeant.

Cavalry Sub-Unit Flag and Cavalry Regiment Standards

The Imperial Army cavalry regiments used the 1909 Regiment's Standard (discussed above).

Right - Beleived to be flag of the 3rd Cavalry Division (Imperial War Museum collection).

Special Banner Given to 79th Infantry Regiment

Right - The special banner given to 79th Infantry Regiment that defended Gazzasource. This is an American Colony Jerusalem picture of the “Regimental Standard presented to the defenders of Gaza, who repulsed the first British attack, 1917” (LC-DIG-ppmsca-13709-00116) [1] [2], This flag is much larger than the reguar infantry standards. The uniforms of the Sanjakdar (Standard Bearer) attending squad, is of particular interest as these two soldiers are actually wearing German M1910 tunics.

 

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[1] Birinci Dünya Harbinde Türk Harbi IV ncü Cilt 1 nci Kısım Sina-Filistin Cephesi Harbin Başlangıcından İkinci Gazze Muharebesi Sonuna kadar, Ankara 1979, resim.22 (Turkish War During WW1 v.4th,1st part, Sinai-Falestine Front, From beginning of the war to the end of 2nd gazza batttle, pic:22).

[2] From the Turkish Sabancı University, Sakıp Sabancı Museum collection, a fragment of an Ottoman regimental banner dated to the last quarter of the 19th century. The green, silk weave banner is 50 x 164 cm. The writing (including the boarder) in cream-colored silk thread on green fabric contains:

  • The continuation of Verse 77 of the Qur’anic chapter, 'The Women'; and.
  • The whole of Verse 27 of the chapter, 'The Food'.

Some illustrations of the Special Award Standard, from 1876-1908 show these to have been green with yellow embroidery.

Banner Medals

Above - Hanging from the 79th Regiment's banner streamers, are the Imtiyaz Medal in Gold, with 1916 Cross Swords Bar, and the 1915 War Medal.

Right - A photograph of an example of 1915 War Medal and Triumph Ribbon.

1333 (1914) Battle Ribbons

A ‘1333-1332 Battle Streamer’ could be folded midpoint and nailed lengthwise to the banner staff [1].

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[1] C. Flaherty (2014) The Ottoman Imperial Army in the First World War: A Handbook of Uniforms (PARTIZAN HISTORICAL 16). Partizan Press.

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