Left - Photographed an Ottoman Turkish soldier from the XV Ottoman Corps in Eastern Europe, this picture is reproduced from the publication by Tunca Orses and Necmettin Ozcelik ‘Dunya Savasi'nda Turk Askeri Kiyafetleri 1914-1918’ (Istanbul, 2007). Nicolle’s Ottoman Infantryman 1914-18 (Osprey Publishing, February 2010), represented this same figure in an illustration, as an Ottoman Turkish Army uniform (page 30). However, the general consensus is that we can see, that apart from the mid-war variation of the Kabalak headgear which was made into a one-piece soft cap with fold-down head cover, of which both the collections of the Imperial War Museum, and the War Memorial, Canberra (Australia) have examples, the rest of his equipment is of Austro-Hungarian origin.
Above/Left - Wearing an Austro-Hungarian issue Model 1916 Field Grey jacket with turndown collar (incorrectly illustrated as olive green in Nicolle’s interpretation); as well:
Right - Extracted from a photograph of Turkish soldiers in an Austrian Military Hospital, these three junior officers wear Austro-Hungarian soldier’s tunics, with their Turkish shoulder rank boards.
Right - Wearing an Austro-Hungarian issue Model 1915/16 Field Grey cavalry lambs wool-lined over jacket/pelisse. As well, a high-quality post-1916 Ottoman officers' uniform (as the collar lace Branch of Service colour is clearly visible). This is a picture, of Inf.Lt Ragıp Efendi at Galicia front (Colonel-General Gümüşpala Chief of Staff of Turkish Armed Forces in 1960) Source: İclal örses. Ottoman officers wearing these jacket/pelisse, appears to have been a popular option in 1916, Galicia, as Tunca Orses. Necmettin Ozcelik. (2007) Dunya Savasi'nda Turk Askeri Kiyafetleri 1914-1918. Militärmuseum, Istanbul: 214, and 219, features photographs of Ottoman officers wearing these.
Right - Extracted from a WW1 American Colony photograph of a the Sanjakdar squad from the Turkish 79th Infantry, both soldiers in this formation wear German M1910 Field tunics, with the shoulder boards removed. Turkish 1915 War Medal ribbons through the button holes, as well as Imperial Army head gear, and buckles clearly identify these as Turkish soldiers, not German alotted to the 79th.
Right - This photo appears to be three Turkish soldiers in Galicia Rohatyn, which should be about 1916-17. Turkish soldiers are hard to identify, in this war sector as they were completely uniformed and equipped from German and Austrian stocks. In this case they wear high quality Turkish soldiers tunics, however the weapons are German, as is the belt, buckle and ammunition pouches.
The helmet is a German M1916 - these were only modified in 1918 for Turkish service in Palestine. While the bread bag is likely to be Austrian. The grenades as well, are mixed:
Above - Pair of M1895 (Pre-1912 versions) Enlisted man’s shoulder board, for the 1st Masurisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr.146. Both have corner attachment hooks, and fitted with plain silver (German made) buttons.
Right - Tunic of a German Officer who served on the Bagdad Railway in the First World War (This photograph is from a private US collector, and discussed on German Colonial Uniforms). The key features of this tunic are:
Right - An example of a WW1-wartime copy of a German General's shoulder cords made in Turkey using Turkish materials. If this cord had been manufactured for a Turkish uniform:
Collectors of late, are being offered a wide range of supposedly authentic WWI Ottoman Turkish Army equipment, usually accompanied with statements such as – ‘Germany supplied much of the equipment needed by their hard pressed Turkish allies who made good use of it at places like Gallipoli (1915) and Kut (1915/16)’; or ‘early in the war many items were supplied to the Turkish government from Germany.’ Much of this is spurious.
Above - In the UK Imperial War Museum collection, this jacket (is one known to be German manufacture - however made to Turkish Imperial Army specifications) worn by Muzalim-l-Sani (Second Lieutenant) Abedine Houchemi of the 2nd Turkish Infantry Regiment (Catalogue Number UNI 12391).