Ottoman Uniforms
Ottoman Uniforms

1828 TILL 1856 OTTOMAN NAVY

1828 Ottoman Imperial Navy Galeonjees (Marine Corps)

Right - Extracted from the Vinkhuizjen Collection illustrations which showa a figure, dated 1828 (in pen ink), identified as the Galeonjees (Marine Corps), in the 1828;

  • However, he is also wearing a Fez from 1832.
  • This figure is ranked as a YOUSH BASHEE (Captain) of the Galeonjees (Marine Corps), as he is wearing: Four pairs of large chest buttons: Identified as a YUSH BASHEE (Captain).
  • The same description is given to a figure in the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, however, that figure wears a set of gold tape chest loops ending in gold tassels, was worn by the ‘Chef de Bataillon’, a BIMBASHEE (Major), in this period.

Right - Illustrated in Mahmud Sevket Pasa ‘L'Organisation et les Uniformes de l'Armee Ottomanne' (1907), the Imperial Navy uniform for the red coated Galeonjees (Marine Corps), from post-1832, wearing the large 'Tar bucket' -shako fez of the 1840s. These were re-uniformed in blue uniforms by the time of the Crimean War (see below). These 'modern' Ottoman Imperial Navy uniforms were closely patterned on Army uniforms.

Left - Replica uniforms on display in the Turkish Navy Museum, are a reasonable approximation of the Galeonjees (Marine Corps), in the 1830s. However, the headgear used is later modern fez.

1832 Ottoman Imperial Navy Officers

Right - Illustrated in Mahmud Sevket Pasa ‘L'Organisation et les Uniformes de l'Armee Ottomanne' (1907), the Imperial Navy uniform for officers, in 1832.

  • This later transitioned from the yellow/gold tunic, into the dress blue uniforms of the 1850s.
  • These 'modern' Ottoman Imperial Navy uniforms were closely patterned on Army uniforms.

1832 Ottoman Imperial Navy Sailors

1841 Ottoman Navy Rank Flags

Ottoman Imperial Navy Crews During the Crimean War

Right - Illustrated in Mahmud Sevket Pasa ‘L'Organisation et les Uniformes de l'Armee Ottomanne' (1907):

  • 1850s Navy Artillery officer.
  • 1850s Sea-soldier in the 1850.

The uniforms of the Ottoman Imperial Navy closely followed that of the land-army.

  • The navy like the army was undergoing a period of transition between the end of 1853 with the abolition of 'orders' and the adoption, later in 1861 of the new rank system using gold and silver cuff chevrons.
  • There was an 'eight-year' gap, where officers are still in service holding the older orders, which are withdrawn as individuals were promoted, retired or died.

During the Crimean War period, a temporary/experimental system was in place that operated as a set of basic rank-bands where officers wore the same uniform/rank insignia.

Ottoman Imperial Navy Sea-Soldiers (Sailors)

The uniforms/rank insignia of the sea-soldiers is not documented. However, it is clear from the illustration:

  • They were wearing red shirts (that button along the right shoulder).
  • Junior officers wore jackets.

1850 Ottoman Imperial Navy Galeonjees (Marine Corps)

Right -  The Galeonjees (Marine Corps), in the 1850s were uniformed in blue army shell-jackets, fitted with large brass shoulder scales.

  • Untill 1860, when the zouave uniform was introduced with the new 1860 rank system, the Galeonjees (Marine Corps), being only a small battalion sized regiment continued post 1853, with the orders of rank; as most of the officers and men, would have continued in service with little or no significant change in personnel over the 1850s, and through the Crimean War period.
  • As it was, the Lieutenant, Captain and Major Galeonjees (Marine Corps), wore as a 'band-of-ranks' the exact same pattern epaulettes (as was worn in the Army).
  • There is a possibility that the junior officers - often referred to as NCOs, these were the ‘Bascavus’ (Sergeant-major), ‘Bascavus Muavini’ (Assistant Sergeant-major), and Cavus (Sergeant), and all three ranks wore the exact same collar distinction:

Their rank-band is identified by the white tape chevron on the collar (following the Army pattern, with was in red on a blue collar).

Ottoman Imperial Navy Ship's Livery

Right - The paint scheme for Ottoman Imperial Navy ships during the Crimean War was white sides with black trim and ports (with red insides).

Below - The gold lettering and gold painted decorations, complete the livery. The ships’ hind is decorated with the ships name under a star within an olive leaf wreath.

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