Ottoman Uniforms
Ottoman Uniforms


The 4th Cavalry Regiment

The 4th Dragoon Cavalry Regiment was uniformed as a mounted rifles cavalry unit following from the 1850s Chasseurs-a-Cheval (Horse Rifles).

Line Dragoon Cavalry

Line Lancers

Experimental Cuirassiers (1876)

Right - Extracted from the Library of Congress: Abdul Hamid II Collection, from the 'Interior of the Weapons Museum' (between 1880 and 1893), can be seen full cuirass and helmets, with star and crescent finals. The identifty of these remains a mystery [1] [2]. These same items were photographed in 1919-20 [3].


[1] It is also possible, that these were intended for the Ottoman cavalry, in the 1876 period. A web-forum historian has stated "In 1857 the Turks were planning to form two Cuirassier Regiment(s)". But no reference has been given.

[2] The project was abandoned due to the high costs of maintain a Cuirassiers regiment, namely, the difficulty of finding suitably large horses; as the men themselves would have needed to be at least 6ft tall; the standard Ottoman horse was under-sized, and the not suited to shock tactics (British General Staff. (1995) 1916 Handbook of the Turkish Army. Battery Press, Nashville:63).

[3] Right - Photographed in 1919-20 a display of full cuirass and helmets, with star and crescent finals (Stuart, W. Pyhrr (1989) European Armor from the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal (Metropolitan Museum Journal 24: 88). 

Cavalry Dress-Uniform Cartridge Boxes

Right  - A cavalry cross-belt slung cartridge box. Used in any period from the Crimean war, till 1908.

1876 Ottoman Imperial Army Cavalry Sword and Cavalry Sword Knot

Right - The 1876 -period Ottoman imperial army cavalry sword, and its sword knot [1].


[1] Askeri Müze ve Kültür Sitesti Komutanligi. (1986) Osmanli askeri teskilat ve kiyafetleri: 1876-1908 [Ottoman military organization and uniforms] Yayinlari.

Cavalry Sanjakdar (Standard Bearer) and Sultan's Standard

Right - A cavalry Sanjakdar (Standard Bearer). The Ottoman cavalry used the same Sultan's standard as the rest of the army. All regiments received identical flags, in two patterns – the 1844, and then 1882 version.The Sanjakdar in the 4th Cavalry (c1876-1908) displays a single silver cuff chevron as rank (which in the 1861 rank system was a 2nd Lieutenant equivalent). The rank was further distinguished by wearing the gold embroidered red carry strap, seen here under the sling strap of the cartridge box.

Officers' Swords and Portepee Rank Insignia (1876-1908)

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